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City’s Cultural Assets

Tatsuta Red Lotus (Komoi-cho)

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The Tatsuta Red Lotus was obtained as the seed of a lotus in Omi Province by Ryuten who was the head priest at the Yonan Temple in Tokura-cho during the Tenpo period. The seed was planted into a large urn and was first cultivated in the field in front of the temple gate. The flower was of a deep red color and the root was also delicious and therefore was known by the name of the Red Lotus.

The Kuinazuka (Saya-cho)

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Matsuo Basho the haiku poet, while returning to his home in Iga from Edo, is said to have written the verse “The voice of waterfowl, people around me, staying in Saya” when staying in the Sokantei which was associated with Saya. The stone slab commemorating the haiku is said to have been constructed thereafter to honor Basho by haiku poets who were present at that time after

The Crossing of the Tokaido Sayaji Sayusanri (Saya-cho)

The voyage of three miles by sea connecting Saya with Kuwana is said to have been used by many travelers at that time. Until Sayagawa fell into disuse about the middle of the Meiji Period and was converted into agricultural land, it was very lively.

Ruins of Ono Castle (Higashiho-cho)

Ono Castle (fortress) was constructed as one of the subsidiary fortresses for the Kanie Fortress during the Age of the Warring States. The skirmish before the great battle of “Komaki-Nagakute” between Hideyoshi and Ieyasu in April 1584 was the “Kanie Ono Battle” which occurred here. Although the commander of the castle, Yamaguchi Shigemasa’s mother had been taken captive, he treated the Tokugawa as allies, crushed the enemies and prepared a foundation for the assumption of power by the Tokugawa. This battle is commemorated by the construction of a stone memorial on the site of the castle ruins in 1979.

Hanging Image of the Buddha (Hioki-cho)

This image has a diameter of 64.3 centimeters and is an image of the Buddhist saint, Jyuichi-men Kannon (11-Faced Kannon). On either side of the image are the engraved dates in old form, on the right “Hioki Shomei Yujiki Ushidoshi”, and on the left is “Hachimangu Kugatsu Nijuhachinichi”. The image was made about 500 years ago in the middle of the Muromachi Period.

Kuda Kayu (Hiki-cho)

A ritual called “Kuda no Kayu” is performed at Wakamiya Hachimangu on the fifteenth day of new year in the lunar calendar. “Kuda no kayu” is a food prepared by placing reed in a large pan and cooking together with red rice. The amount of rice grains in the hollow reeds is said to predict the good fortune or bad fortune for that year. This service has been held from the 15th century to the present day.

Ruins of Saya Magistrates Office (Saya-cho)

The reason that the Saya Road because famous in name and in reality in Japan is said to be because when the third shogun Tokugawa Iemitsu went up to Kyoto, fine houses were built for his staying along the road in Saya. Together with the prosperity of the Saya Road, the Owari Clan provided magistrate offices controlling the 109 villages on the Kaito and Kaisai of the clan. The clan also appears to have handled both the safety of the road and duties related to tolls on the sea supervising the three-mile crossing.

Ancient Dug-out Canoe (wooden fragements) (Morokuwa-cho)

In the Edo Period, a villager found old wood in a rice paddy. When he dug out the wood, an old type of ship, a piragua, 20 m long and 2 m wide came into view. This vessel has been authenticated as the oldest existing “double dug-out canoe” in Japan.

Sword of Utasu Kotohira Shrine (Utasu-cho)

In the first year of the Ansei period (1856), this sword was presented to Kotohira Shrine by a group of young people. It was made by Hotta Ominokami (Fujiwara Kanemitsu) and is currently on display at the Nagoya City Museum.

Jonogenpuku Obisha (Futago-cho)

This festival is a festival of coming of age for young people turning 15 years of age and has been celebrated for approximately 300 years. Rice cakes are thrown from a five meter tower built in the grounds of the Shiroyama Shrine. The persons coming of age climb to the top of the tower and through this test of strength, from that day are recognized as an adult man.

Enkusaku Mokuzo Yakushinyoraizazo (Utasu-cho)

According to the oral tradition of villagers, the banks of the Sayagawa broke during heavy rain and collapsed and this deity was found after the flood. Yakushido Temple has been dedicated to him since then.
The festival is celebrated once a year, at the beginning of October.

Illustration commemorating a Verse of Yokoi Yayu (Fujigase-cho)

Kimura Tangen depicted a Chinese tradition taking as his theme the haiku of Yayu “In the depth of the night, the weeping willow, I find relief Hansoan ”.
This was presented by Mr. Ishihara Masakuni to Saon Temple on the 170th anniversary (June 1952) of Yokoi Yayu.

Enkusaku Mokuzo Image of Kannon

Many works by Enku have found their way to regional areas. This work by Enku is said to be a Seikannon.

Menjo of Kawakita Village

A menjo is a letter stating tax obligations to a village from the local magistrate. All such letters spanning more than 200 years from the second year of the Seiho period (1645), the second year of the Shoou period (1652) and the third year of the Kanbun period (1663) in which the Owari clan carried out reforms, up until the fourth year of the Meiji period (1871) are present.

Marujima Columbus Monument

Yamada Yoshio is the first person from Aichi to live in the United States. Yamada was shipwrecked when hunting sea otters and was saved by an American whaler. He travelled to San Francisco and worked in a local farm.
People who were impressed by his success in America built this memorial.

Objects found in the Tozaino ruins

The Tozaino ruins have given up objects from the later Yayoi period to the early Kofun period and represent one of the prominent city ruins.

Objects have been found which are characteristic of this area such as pottery with window-like openings, palace style pottery, S-shaped pedestal jar pottery.

Currently these objects are on display at the Saori Museum of History and Folklore.

Tiles found at Morokuwahai Temple

Morokuwahai Temple is one of the ancient temples in the Aisai area. In the grounds of this unused temple, many tiles such as eaves end tiles and patterned tiles have been unearthed. The patterned tiles in particular are unusual for the imprinted letters “Teikouji”.
Currently these objects are on display at the Saori Museum of History and Folklore.

Monument to Nishizenta Shinden

Zenta Shinden was developed by a wealthy farmer, Shigezaemon Hattori in the first year of the Manji Period (1658). These were new fields extending in a band shaped in an east-west direction. As a result, there were many difficulties and after the beginning of the Meiji Period, persons such as Eiji Aoki from Tojo divided the fields into the Nishi Zenta Shinden and the Zenta Shinden.
This memorial stone was erected to celebrate these achievements.

Monument to Eiji Aoki, the Elder

Eiji Aoki was born in the 14th year of Tempo (1843). He was not only active as a politician as a member of the Prefectural Council and a member of the House of Representatives, but was also tireless in his efforts in constructing the Sonpo drainage pump station using the first steam engine in Japan, developing the Onishi Railway (the predecessor of the current Meitetsu Onishi) and founding the Tsushima Spinning Company (later the Toyobo Saori Factory).
This memorial stone was erected in the second year of the Taisho period (1913) to celebrate his achievements.

Gate from Meiji Tenno Saya Anzaisho

The gate is in the Nishiho-cho Zenteibo.
Originally it was positioned in the headquarters of the Kato Family’s Saya residence but was transferred from the family to this temple in the fifteenth year of the Taisho period (1926).

Lion head from Hoshidaimei Shrine

The wooden lion head found in Hoshidaimei Shrine was made in the seventh year of the Eisho period (1510). The overall structure is angular and flat which strongly represents the characteristics of lion head from the Nambokucho Period to the Muromachi Period.

Lion head from Hekihachimangu Shrine

The wooden lion head found in Hekihachimangu Shrine has been confirmed by analysis of the upper jaw section to have been made in the fourth year of the Kencho Period (1252) and the lower jaw has been found to have been a repair made in the third year of the Kyotoku Period (1454). On the basis of written records, this is the oldest lions head in Japan.

Monument to Improvement to Udogawa

This stone was erected in 1880 to commemorate the achievements of Kurokawa Haruyoshi who was responsible for all petitions and approval for the works on the dredging of the Udogawa which is the major drainage route for the Tatsuta Rinchu from May to November in the twelfth year of the Meiji Period (1879). We can now understand the importance in which drainage problems were held in the Rinchu area and the importance of coordinating the demand for water use.

Japanese black pine in Higashiho Hachiman Shrine

The Japanese black pine in Higashiho Hachiman Shrine soars high about the grounds of the Hachiman Shrine. It has an estimated age of 250 years and is thought to date from the mid Edo Period. This black pine is home to many mistletoe plants and is said to be biologically unusual.